MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 193, 2018International Scientific Conference Environmental Science for Construction Industry – ESCI 2018
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Sustainable Strategies of Urban Planning|
|Published online||20 August 2018|
Regulation of air exchange in urban areas to improve their environment
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 26, Yaroslavskoe sh., 129337, Moscow, Russia
2 Tambov State Technical University, 106, Sovetskaya ul., Tambov, 392000, Russia
Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Environmental issues in cities are some of the causes of reduction in the average life expectancy of people, increase in the incidence and mortality of the population. According to scientists, health of the urban population is 20% dependent on the state of the natural environment. Urban residents are more likely to suffer from cardiovascular diseases, respiratory diseases, and blood circulation problems. In the course of urban development, people have a significant negative impact on the biosphere, changing it and being a part of it, they experience the consequences of these changes on themselves. This situation is complicated by the lack of a unified approach among civil engineers, architects, hygienists and environmentalists in the matters of organizing a residential environment. The article focuses on identification and analysis of sources of pollution affecting the air basin of modern cities. A comparative analysis of the transport and construction industries and their role in urban pollution is carried out. Using the example of the city of Moscow, calculations have been made and the indicators of the wind speed variation along the height of the building have been determined, depending on the type of terrain. These data allow assessing the formation of air exchange in urban areas and can be used to solve the problems of improving the urban environment.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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