MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 188, 20185th International Conference of Engineering Against Failure (ICEAF-V 2018)
|Number of page(s)||9|
|Section||Design of Components and Engineering Elements, Coatings, Failure Analysis|
|Published online||07 August 2018|
The effect of friction force and cavitation on wear in piston-cylinder assemblies
School of Mechanical Engineering Educators, Assistant Professor - Scientific Associate, ASPETE,
1 Corresponding Author, email@example.com
Both in engines and test rigs, cavitation in piston-ring lubrication is a subject studied by many researchers in the past. Although there is no sufficient evidence of cavitation erosion on the surface of the liner, this phenomenon is studied as part of the lubricant transport process. During the transport process the lubricant enters the combustion chamber. The combustion products of consumed oil might contribute to exhaust gas emissions and with emission legislation becoming more stringent, it is important that oil consumption is reduced to the lowest level possible. The role of the piston-rings is becoming more complex with the imposed requirements for lower oil consumption and friction. The piston-ring pack role on engine performance, durability and wear, is becoming on the other hand, more demanding. Between the piston-ring and cylinder liner, cavitation occurs as a result of two-phase liquid flow. Cavitation has long been recognized to degrade performances in most engineering applications and its effect in piston-ring lubrication is that it alters the oil film pressure profile, generated at the converging-diverging wedge of the piston-ring. An area of the piston-ring surface is void, corresponds to subatmospheric pressures and thus, the piston-ring load capacity is altered. Two experimental rigs were used, a simplified single-ring test rig that simulates the piston-ring liner movement at speeds corresponding to idle but the movement is reversed and a single cylinder diesel engine that was used for visualization results only, after the necessary modifications.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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