MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 188, 20185th International Conference of Engineering Against Failure (ICEAF-V 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Composite Materials: Characterization, Mechanical Behavior and Modeling, Advanced Manufacturing Techniques, Multifunctionality|
|Published online||07 August 2018|
A model of low-velocity impact damage assessment of laminated composite structures
Aviation Academy, Faculty of Technology, Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences,
2 Machine Design Laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
3 Department of Materials Science, University of Patras, Patras, Greece
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Laminated composites have important applications in modern aeronautical structures due to their extraordinary mechanical and environmental behaviour. Nevertheless, aircraft composite structures are highly vulnerable to impact damage, either by low-velocity sources during maintenance or high-velocity sources during in-flight events. Even barely visible impact damage induced by low-velocity loading, substantially reduces the residual mechanical performance and the safe-service life of the composites structures. Despite the extensive research already carried out, impact damage of laminated composite structures is still not well understood and it is an area of on-going research. Numerical modelling is considered as the most efficient tool as compared to the expensive and time-consuming experimental testing. In this paper, a finite element model based on explicit dynamics formulations is adopted. Hashin criterion is applied to predict the intra-laminar damage initiation and evolution. The numerical analysis is performed using the ABAQUS® programme. The employed modelling approach is validated using numerical results found in the literature and the presented results show an acceptable correlation to the available literature data. It is demonstrated that the presented model is able to capture force-time response as well as damage evolution map for a range of impact energies.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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