MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 182, 201817th International Conference Diagnostics of Machines and Vehicles
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Diagnostics of Machines and Vehicles|
|Published online||30 July 2018|
Diagnostics of the effect of prior cold deformation and aging time on intergranular corrosion resistance in case of austenitic stainless steel
University of Science and Technology UTP, Mechanical Engineering Faculty, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Av. Kaliskiego 7, 85-796 Bydgoszcz, Poland
* Corresponding author : firstname.lastname@example.org
Intergranular corrosion of commercial stainless steel type X6CrNiTi18-10 (1.4541, AISI 321) is frequently observed in several process environments. These localized attacks are normally attributed to the carbide precipitation and concomitant depletion of chromium near grain boundary due to steel exposure to sensitization temperature. Such undesirable microchemistry is expected to be changed further if the material undergoes deformation prior to sensitization. Present paper deals with the influence of a wide range of cold rolling (5, 10, 15 and maximum 40% cold deformation) and the sensitization time (aging at 700°C for 0.12, 0.5, 1, 4, 16 and 32 hours) on intergranular corrosion (IGC). The assessment of the degree of intergranular corrosion was based on the measurement of mass loss and observation of corroded surfaces on optical microscope. The consequences of deformation on IGC have been investigated by using EN ISO 3651-1methods (Huey test). Cold deformation before sensitization reduces the intensity of intergranular corrosion of this steel. The deformed structure created during the cold work process, numerous slip planes and the twins boundaries are just like the grain boundaries and the places where the chromium carbides preferentially precipitates.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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