MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 171, 2018The First International Conference on Energy, Power, Petroleum and Petrochemical Engineering (E3PE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Chapter 3: Chemical Industry Technologies and Products|
|Published online||04 June 2018|
Ultrasound and ionic liquid-enhanced extractive desulfurization of diesel
1 Department of Chemical Engineering American University of Sharjah United Arab Emirates
The current desulfurization technology, hydrodesulfurization (HDS), is energy intensive, uses large quantities of hydrogen, and is ineffective at removing some sulfur compounds. Ionic liquids have been recently shown to perform well as extraction solvents for the removal of sulfur from diesel. However, a major limitation towards their industrial use is the low mass transfer rates that result from their relatively high viscosities. This study investigates the use of ultrasound to overcome this problem. The ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate ([C2mim][CH3COO]), was used to desulfurize model diesel consisting of dibenzothiophene in hexadecane, in the absence and presence of ultrasound. It was found that sonification can greatly enhance the rate of mass transfer of DBT from diesel to the IL, resulting in a 57% sulfur removal for a 75% decrease in extraction time for batch studies, which results in a reduction in the number of equilibrium stages necessary for a continuous extraction process.
Key words: ionic liquid / ultrasound / desulfurization / diesel
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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