MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 170, 2018International Science Conference SPbWOSCE-2017 “Business Technologies for Sustainable Urban Development”
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Municipal Facilities Management. Business Activity Management in Construction. Process Reengineering and Information Systems|
|Published online||13 June 2018|
Substitution of the labor market in the construction industry by technical and automated systems
Vladimir State University named after Alexander and Nikolay Stoletovs, Gorkiy street, 87, Vladimir, 600000, Russia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Construction is one of the oldest branches of the national economy. With the development of mankind, construction technologies, instruments of labor, machinery and mechanisms were developing as well. A large number of technological processes and operations performed in the design and construction of real estate, were carried out manually. Modern pace of economic development increase requirements on the speed of construction, its quality, as well as on reduction of the works labor intensity. The aim of the research was to determine the areas of construction in which it is advisable to replace manual labor, and also to develop recommendations for construction companies on the implementation of mechanization and automation in their production. During the research it was found that the area of design, calculation and logistics was automated almost 100%. At the same time, specifically when erecting buildings on Russian construction sites, up to 70% of the total labor volume is manual. Even in excavation and installation works, the level of manual operations of the machinists and accompanying workers is quite large. In the course of the analysis of the existing market of technologies and software products in the field of construction, there were determined the ways to reduce labor intensity and to increase the profitability of production.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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