MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 165, 201812th International Fatigue Congress (FATIGUE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
High Temperature Fatigue Crack Growth Rate Studies in Stainless Steel 316L(N) Welds Processed by A-TIG and MP-TIG Welding.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras, 600036 Chennai, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Madras, 600036 Chennai, India
3 Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, IIT Madras, 600036 Chennai, India
4 Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, 603102, Kalpakkam, India
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Welded stainless steel components used in power plants and chemical industries are subjected to mechanical load cycles at elevated temperatures which result in early fatigue failures. The presence of weld makes the component to be liable to failure in view of residual stresses at the weld region or in the neighboring heat affected zone apart from weld defects. Austenitic stainless steels are often welded using Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG) process. In case of single pass welding, there is a reduced weld penetration which results in a low depth-to-width ratio of weld bead). If the number of passes is increased (Multi-Pass TIG welding), it results in weld distortion and subsequent residual stress generation. The activated flux TIG welding, a variant of TIG welding developed by E.O. Paton Institute, is found to reduce the limitation of conventional TIG welding, resulting in a higher depth of penetration using a single pass, reduced weld distortion and higher welding speeds. This paper presents the fatigue crack growth rate characteristics at 823 K temperature in type 316LN stainless steel plates joined by conventional multi-pass TIG (MP-TIG) and Activated TIG (A-TIG) welding process. Fatigue tests were conducted to characterize the crack growth rates of base metal, HAZ and Weld Metal for A-TIG and MP-TIG configurations. Micro structural evaluation of 316LN base metal suggests a primary austenite phase, whereas, A-TIG weld joints show an equiaxed grain distribution along the weld center and complete penetration during welding (Fig. 1). MP-TIG microstructure shows a highly inhomogeneous microstructure, with grain orientation changing along the interface of each pass. This results in tortuous crack growth in case of MP-TIG welded specimens. Scanning electron microscopy studies have helped to better understand the fatigue crack propagation modes during high temperature testing.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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