MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 165, 201812th International Fatigue Congress (FATIGUE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Growth of Short and Long Cracks - Crack Growth Thresholds|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Microstructurally small fatigue crack growth rates in aluminium alloys for developing improved predictive models
Defence Science and Technology Group, Fishermans Bend, VIC, Australia
2 Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong
3 Fortburn PTY, LTD, Wendoree, VIC, Australia
* Corresponding author: Madeleine.Burchill@dst.defence.gov.au
The fatigue or durability life of a few critical structural metallic components often sets the safe and/or economic useful life of a military airframe. In the case of aluminium airframe components, growth rates, at or soon after fatigue crack nucleation are being driven by near threshold local cyclic stress intensities and thus are very low. Standard crack growth rate data is usually generated from large cracks, and therefore do not represent the growth of small cracks (typically <1mm). Discussed here is an innovative test and analysis technique to measure the growth rates of small cracks growing as the result of stress intensities just above the cyclic growth threshold. Using post-test quantitative fractographic examination of fatigue crack surfaces from a series of 7XXX test coupons, crack growth rates and observations of related growth phenomenon in the threshold region have been made. To better predict small crack growth rates under a range of aircraft loading spectra a method by which standard material data models could be adapted is proposed. Early results suggest that for small cracks this method could be useful in informing engineers on the relative severity of various spectra and leading to more accurate predictions of small crack growth rates which can dominate the fatigue life of airframe components.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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