MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 165, 201812th International Fatigue Congress (FATIGUE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Crack Initiation Process and First Stages of Crack Propagation|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Mechanical Integrity of Steel Discs with Corrosion Pits
Chair of Engineering Mechanics and Vehicle Dynamics, Brandenburg University of Technology, Siemens-Halske-Ring 14, 03046, Cottbus, Germany
2 Rolls-Royce Deutschland Ltd & Co KG, Eschenweg 11, 15827 Blankenfelde-Mahlow, Germany
3 Institute of Continuum Mechanics, Leibniz University Hannover, Appelstraße 11, 30167 Hannover, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Currently, prediction of crack initiation by corrosion pits is only possible by assuming regular geometrical shapes, such as semi-spheres or semi-ellipsoids. Moreover, typical fatigue life diagrams associate the crack initiation life with geometrical features, such as pit depth or aspect ratio, often leading to unsatisfactory correlations due to high pit shape variability and data scatter. In the context of blade-disc fixation in aero engine turbines, this limitation translates into highly conservative life estimations. Therefore, a new crack initiation predictor is formulated based on experimental testing and numerical analysis of 28 artificial corrosion pits. A low-cycle fatigue test campaign is conducted using three-point bending test specimens to simulate maximum takeoff operation conditions of the aero engine and the associated loading of the blade root designed as firtree. An artificial pit is located at the critical point of each test specimen, respectively. The prediction criterion is based on finite element analysis and is formulated as the lowest plastic strain of a plastic region with a certain volume in the corrosion pit. This reference volume is varied until an optimum correlation with experimental crack initiation life is obtained. The criterion shows a superior correlation with crack initiation life compared to pure geometrical parameters such as pit depth.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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