MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 165, 201812th International Fatigue Congress (FATIGUE 2018)
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||Crack Initiation Process and First Stages of Crack Propagation|
|Published online||25 May 2018|
Metastability and fatigue behavior of austenitic stainless steels
University of Kaiserslautern, Institute of Materials Science and Engineering, Kaiserslautern, Germany
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study presents the results of a detailed investigation of metastability and susceptibility to deformation induced α’-martensite formation of several austenitic steels (AISI 304, AISI 321, AISI 348 and two batches from AISI 347) in the solution-annealed state. Besides conventional characterization of metastability by calculating stacking-fault energy and threshold temperature (designated as MS and Md30), the present work introduced a new method for determining susceptibility to α’-martensite formation. The method was based on dynamically applied local plastic deformation and non-destructive micro-magnetic measurement of α’-martensite content. The parameter Iξ was established, which correlated very well with the grade of α’-martensite formation during cyclic loading. The cyclic deformation and phase transformation behavior of cyclically loaded specimens from different metastable austenitic steels were investigated in total-strain and stress controlled fatigue tests with load ratio R = -1 at ambient temperature. The influence of the strain rate on the cyclic deformation and phase transformation behavior was also examined. During the fatigue tests, besides stress-strain hysteresis and temperature measurement, in situ micro-magnetic measurements were performed. Using the compressive measured data, the influence of plastic induced self-heating of the specimen and the strain rate on α’-martensite formation was analyzed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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