MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 164, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Electrical Systems, Technology and Information (ICESTI 2017)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Published online||23 April 2018|
The Integration of Gasification Systems with Gas Engine by Developing Wet Tar Scrubbers and Gas Filter to Produce Electrical Energy from Biomass
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Syiah Kuala University, Jl. Teuku Nyak Arief, Darussalam Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia
2 Center for Agro-Based Industry, Ministry of Industry, Jl. Ir. H. Juanda No. 11, Bogor, 16122, Indonesia
3 Departement of Agricultural Industry Technology, Serambi Mekkah University, Jl. Unmuha, Batoh, Lueng Bata, Banda Aceh, 23245 Indonesia
3 Ministry of Forestry and Environment, Aceh Province, Jl. Jenderal Sudirman No 21, Banda Aceh, 23239, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The need for energy especially biomass-based renewable energy continues to increase in Indonesia. The objective of this research was to design downdraft gasifier machine with high content of combustible gas on gas engine. Downdraft gasifier machine was adjusted with the synthetic gas produced from biomass. Besides that, the net energy ratio, net energy balance, renewable index, economic analysis and impact assessment also been conducted. Gas engine that was designed in this research had been installed with capacity of 25 kW with diameter and height of reactorwere 900 mm and 1 000 mm respectively. The method used here werethe design the Detailed Engineering Design, assembly, and performance test of gas engine. The result showed that gas engine for biomass can be operated for 8 h with performance engine of 84 % and capacity of 25 kW. Net energy balance, net energy ratio, and renewable index was 30 MJ/kW h electric; 0.89; 0.76 respectively. The value of GHG emission of Biomass Power Generation is 0.03 kg-CO2 eq per MJ. Electrical production cost for Biomass Power Generation is about IDR 1 500 per kW h which is cheaper than solar power generation which is about of IDR 3 300 per kW h.
Key words: Biomass power plant / Renewable energy / Wet tar scrubber
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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