MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 162, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Buildings, Construction and Environmental Engineering, BCEE3-2017
|Number of page(s)||12|
|Section||Environmental Engineering and Sustainable Development|
|Published online||07 May 2018|
Suitability of the Iraqi natural clay for the preparation of Al-Fe pillared-clays
Building and construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Iraq
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Some organic pollutant in aqueous wastewater inhabitant biological treatment, catalyst wet air oxidation is a method to treat this waste. Al-Fe pillared Iraqi clays with different Fe content were prepared. Aluminum was mixed with iron in different molar ratio Fe/Al (1:9- 2:8- 3:7- 4-6- 5:5) for each regions. These clays collected from different location in Iraq (Anbar, Erbil, Mosel, Baghdad, and Basra), the results of some properties studied for natural and pillared clay, from X-Ray- Fluorescence (XRF) show that iron cation replaces some Ca in the clay, and from X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) show the Calcite types of Iraqi clays. constructs clusters of active ingredient which dramatically clear on the catalytic surface for all catalyst types show through photos of catalysts by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), the best molar ratio of Fe/Al in which give strong interaction between Fe and Al in the pillared were (0.5-0.4-0.3-0.3 and 0.2) for (Mosul-Basra -Anbar-Baghdad and Erbil) respectively. This ratio gives high surface area, and pore size in mesopore. It is concluded that clay and silty clay (Mosul clay) consider the best catalyst due to higher activity and stability through experiment of CWAO in batch reactor, with operation condition 150°C, 2.5 Mpa, Ccat equal to 7 mg/l.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
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