MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 162, 2018The 3rd International Conference on Buildings, Construction and Environmental Engineering, BCEE3-2017
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||Geotechnical and Transportation Engineering|
|Published online||07 May 2018|
Improvement ratio and behavior of bearing capacity factors for strip skirt footing model resting on sand of different grain size distribution
Building and Construction Engineering Department, University of Technology, Baghdad, Iraq
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Plain strain model tests were performed on beds of sands with different particle size distribution (Coarse, Medium and Fine) prepared at loose state (Relative density Dr. of 30%). A strip footing model with skirt was placed on the bed of sand and loaded vertically up to failure at different ratios of skirt depth to width D/B of (0.5, 1.0, 1.5, 2, and 3). The applied stress increments and the corresponding settlements were measured. The improvement ratio due to different skirt depth and the behavior of bearing capacity parameters Nγ and Nq at each depth were evaluated and compared with some theoretical approaches. The test results revealed that the improvement ratio increased linearly up to D/B of 1.5 then reduced. Two factors were introduce into the general bearing capacity equation where used to evaluate bearing capacity of skirt footing, there values are about 1.6 for skirt ratio ranged between 0.5 to 1.5, and 1.25 for skirt ratio more than 1.5. Also, it is found that the Nγ parameter for D/B=0 were very close to Vesic proposal for fine and medium grain size distribution, while it’s close to Biarez proposal for coarse sand. The behavior of Nq parameter with different skirt ratio shows slight increase up to D/B of 1.5 then decrease with increasing D/B ratio for different grain size distribution. While the behavior of theoretical Nq parameter (depending on angle of internal friction values) shows a linear increase with skirt ratio for different grain size distribution.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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