MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 156, 2018The 24th Regional Symposium on Chemical Engineering (RSCE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Processes for Energy and Environment|
|Published online||14 March 2018|
Biodegradation of Sulphide in Biogas by Biofilm on Salak Fruit Seeds: Accuracy of Quasi-steady-state Approximation
Chemical Engineering Department, 17 Agustus 1945 University, Semarang, Indonesia
2 Chemical Engineering Department, Gadjah Mada University, 2 Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This study tried to explore the quantitative description of removal of hydroden sulphide (H2S) by bio-filtration. H2S is degraded by bacteria immobilized on the packing materials of Salak fruit seeds inside a column. Two kinetics models are proposed. In both models, the biofilm formed on the packing material is assumed to be thin, so intra-film gradient of H2S concentration can be neglected. In model 1, material balances of H2S in the bio-film as well as in the flowing gas are set-up. The growth of the bio-film is modelled by Monod’s equation. A set of three simultaneous partial differential equations are obtained. Model 2 is set-up using the same concepts as in model1, but the gas phase is assumed to be quasi-steady-state. This assumption reduces the partial differential equation in model 1 to be an ordinary differential equation which is easier to be solved. The comparisons of the results of model 1 and model 2 can be applied to justify the applications of quasi-steady-state approximation. It turned out that the differences of calculated H2S concentration results are approximately small, around 6 ppm. Hence, it can be concluded that quasi-steady-state approximation in the gas phase is suggested to be applied.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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