MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 251, 2018VI International Scientific Conference “Integration, Partnership and Innovation in Construction Science and Education” (IPICSE-2018)
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||Reliability and Safety in Construction|
|Published online||14 December 2018|
Improvement of the reliability and durability parameters of hydrotechnical structures under conditions of hydrodynamic influence of flows on structural elements
M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, 19991, 1/19 Lenin Hills, Moscow, Russia
2 Moscow State Academy of Water Transport, 117105, 2/1 Novodanilovskaya nab., Moscow, Russia
3 Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, 117997, 36 Nahimovskiy prospekt, Moscow, Russia
4 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: ShilovaLA@mgsu.ru
This article concerns the methodological issues of developing principles for increasing the reliability and durability parameters of equipment and auxiliary mechanisms of hydrotechnical structures. An analysis of the conditions ensuring an increase in the accuracy of engineering calculations of the viscosity of disperse systems is carried out. An analytical consideration of the effects of the particle shape on the calculation of the groundwater viscosity using the representations of particles of dispersed media as hydrodynamic dipoles is proposed. An equation for the viscosities of disperse systems is obtained with the determination of the shape factor of solid particles in a liquid. The comparison with the ratios for calculating the viscosity of ideal groundwater consisting of particles of a circular configuration indicates the possibility of reducing errors in calculating the coefficients of permeability of flow rates and pressures of filtration currents in underground horizons under the fluences of hydraulic structures. To improve the reliability of building structural elements operation of spillways without vacuum dams, a method of refined calculation of the dynamic effect of groundwater on the base of spillway dams and dams of the river bed is proposed.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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