MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 150, 2018Malaysia Technical Universities Conference on Engineering and Technology (MUCET 2017)
|Number of page(s)||5|
|Section||Chemical Engineering & Natural Resources|
|Published online||23 February 2018|
Heavy Metals (Fe, Cu, and Cr) Removal from Wastewater by Moringa Oleifera Press Cake
Facutly of Chemical & Natural Resources Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pahang Darul Makmur, Malaysia.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The consumption of water nowadays is increasing and the wastewater from variety of industry and domestic are increasing as well. If this wastewater is being untreated, it will be wasted and the chemicals inside the water especially heavy metal are harmful to the living organism. There are few conventional method used to treat the wastewater but most of them are costly, hence, natural coagulant is introduced in this study. One of the multipurpose tree Moringa oleifera, (MO) which is environmental friendly and low cost become a choice for removal of heavy metal from wastewater. The Moringa oleifera press cake (MOPC) are able to remove the heavy metal but the removal efficiency for different metals need to be investigated. Therefore, experiment on heavy metal removal by Moringa oleifera press cake was conducted. The wastewater samples and MOPC were collected from Balok River, Kuantan and Mitomasa Sdn. Bhd, Kuala Lumpur respectively. MOPC was immersed in distilled water to remove the oil and different concentration of MOPC solution were made. Jar test were carried out with different concentration of MOPC solution. The initial and final heavy metal (Fe, Cu, and Cr) concentration were measured by Atomic Absorption Spectrometer and the removal percentage was calculated. The MOPC removed 69.99% Fe, 88.86 % Cu and 93.73% Cr at optimum concentration of 10000 ppm, 5000 ppm and 15000 ppm, respectively. The MOPC also reduced 34.94% of COD and 81.6 % of turbidity. However, BOD of wastewater increased from 9.0 ppm to 18.3 ppm. The pH values was not changed with the addition of MOPC. The removal of heavy metal was increased proportionally with MOPC concentration until optimum removal was obtained.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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