MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 149, 20182nd International Congress on Materials & Structural Stability (CMSS-2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Session 1 : Materials & Pathologies|
|Published online||14 February 2018|
The effective complex permittivity stability in filled polymer nanocomposites studied above the glass transition temperature
FSTG -Cadi Ayyad University, LMCN, Marrakesh, Morocco
2 FSTG -Cadi Ayyad University, LBCM, Marrakesh, Morocco
3 François Rabelais University, GREMAN UMR 7347-CNRS,IUT, Blois, France
4 François Rabelais University, GREMAN UMR 7347-CNRS, UFR Sciences, Tours, France
The temperature effecton the dielectric response of nanocomposite at low frequencies range is reported. The investigated samples are formed by a semi-crystalline ethylene-co-butyl acrylate (EBA) polymer filled with three concentrations of the dispersed conducting carbon black (CB) nanoparticles. The temperature dependence of the complex permittivity has been analyzedabove the glass transition temperature of the neat polymer matrix Tg=-75°C. For all CB concentrations, the dielectric spectra follow a same trend in frequency range 100-106Hz. More interestingly, the stability of the effective complex permittivity ɛ=ɛ' -iɛ'' with the temperature range of 10-70°C is explored. While the imaginary part of the complex permittivity ɛ'' exhibits a slight decreasewith temperature, the real part ɛ' shows a significant reduction especially for high loading samples. The observed dielectric response may be related to the breakup of the three-dimensional structurenetwork formed by the aggregation of CB particles causing change at the interfaceEBA-CB.This interface is estimated bythe volume fraction of constrained polymer chain according to loss tangent data of dynamic mechanical analysis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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