MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 149, 20182nd International Congress on Materials & Structural Stability (CMSS-2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Session 1 : Materials & Pathologies|
|Published online||14 February 2018|
Influence of initial water content of aggregates on the compressive strength and the shrinkage of High Performance Concretes
Université TAHRI Mohamed Béchar, Département de Génie Civil, LFGM (Laboratoire de Fiabilité du Génie Mécanique), BP 417 Béchar (08000), Algérie
2 Université de Toulouse, UPS, INSA, LMDC (Laboratoire Matériaux et Durabilité des Constructions), 135, Avenue de Rangueil, F-31 077 TOULOUSE Cedex 4, France
The time-dependent deformations of concretes, particularly in the case of high performance concrete (HPC) must be taken into account precisely when measurement of civil engineering works. theses deformations is essential for predicting the deflections, the stress distribution in statically indeterminate structures and the loss of pre-stressing force in elements of pre-stressed concrete. However, the experience shows a certain dispersion of values of instantaneous and delayed deformations measured and some significant differences with the values calculated using the building codes. The objective of the present paper focuses on the parameter which is not taken into account in building codes, which could causes the inaccuracies of their predictions: the initial water content of aggregates. The experimental program includes a comparative study of the mechanical behaviours (instantaneous deformations and shrinkage) of HPC with the same basic formulation (water cement ratio, volume of paste), differing principally in the initial water content of aggregates. The experimental results show that HPC made with wet aggregates has a higher resistance than others (dry aggregates). The pre-saturated aggregates would be a water reservoir in which the dough could slow the self-drying due to hydration in the capillary pores at the level of the Interfacial Transition Zone (ITZ). This would increase the amount of hydrates and improve the mechanical behaviour of this interface through better adhesion and less porosity. If the evolution of shrinkage of HPC with wet or dry aggregates can be distinct during the first months, the effect of this formulation parameter is not clear since it differs according to the type of aggregate. Moreover, in the long term, convergent shrinkage shows that this influence becomes insignificant. The comparisons with estimations of Eurocode 2 model were also performed and showed significant differences with the experimental values.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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