MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 148, 2018International Conference on Engineering Vibration (ICoEV 2017)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Modelling, Methodologies and Engineering Applications of Nonlinear Dynamical Systems|
|Published online||02 February 2018|
Fluid nonlinearities effect on wake oscillator model performance
Centre for Applied Dynamics Research, School of Engineering, University of Aberdeen, United Kingdom
2 Department of Transport of Hydrocarbon Resources, Industrial University of Tyumen, Russia
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Vortex-induced vibrations (VIV) need to be accounted for in the design of marine structures such as risers and umbilicals. If a resonance state of the slender structure develops due to its interaction with the surrounding fluid flow, the consequences can be severe resulting in the accelerated fatigue and structural damage. Wake oscillator models allow to estimate the fluid force acting on the structure without complex and time consuming CFD analysis of the fluid domain. However, contemporary models contain a number of empirical coeffcients which are required to be tuned using experimental data. This is often left for the future work with the opened question on how to calibrate a model for a wide range of cases and find out what is working and is not.
The current research is focused on the problem of the best choice of the fluid nonlinearities for the base wake oscillator model  in order to improve the accuracy of prediction for the cases with mass ratios around 6.0. The paper investigates six nonlinear damping types for two fluid equations of the base model. The calibration is conducted using the data by Stappenbelt and Lalji  for 2 degrees-of-freedom rigid structure for mass ratio 6.54. The conducted analysis shows that predicted in-line and cross-flow displacements are more accurate if modelled separately using different damping types than using only one version of the model. The borders of application for each found option in terms of mass ratio are discussed in this work, and appropriate recommendations are provided.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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