MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 147, 2018The Third International Conference on Sustainable Infrastructure and Built Environment (SIBE 2017)
|Number of page(s)||4|
|Section||Structure and Material|
|Published online||22 January 2018|
The use of hazardous sludge solidification and green-lipped mussel shells in cementitious material: a case study of ngcc power plant of priok
Civil Engineering Division, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
2 Structural Engineering Division, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
This paper aims to introduce the utilization of hazardous sludge with green-lipped mussel shells as concrete mixture components. The hazardous sludge is a side product of wastewater treatment plant operated in NGCC Priok, while green-lipped mussel shells are side product of community activity in Kalibaru, North Jakarta, Indonesia. Utilization is dedicated to preserve the environment, reducing both hazardous sludge generations from wastewater treatment plant and potential waste from social activities in the coastal area. Three different groups of concretes were prepared. The first group contains normal concretes with W/C ratio of 0.5. Subsequently, the second group contains concretes with dry sludge and mussel as a replacement of fine aggregate at different contents, 5% (C1), 10% (C2), and 15% (C3), with W/C ratio of 0.5. Finally, the last group contains concretes with dry sludge as cement replacement and the green-lipped mussel as fine aggregate replacement at different contents of 5% (C4), 10% (C5), and 15% (C6). The results show that dry sludge and green-lipped mussel provide better results when used as a substitute for fine aggregate rather than as cement replacement. In addition, the rate of strength development of concretes containing waste additions are slow compared to normal concretes.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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