MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 138, 2017The 6th International Conference of Euro Asia Civil Engineering Forum (EACEF 2017)
|Number of page(s)||10|
|Section||8-Sanitation and Environmental Engineering|
|Published online||30 December 2017|
Riverside sustainability – Overcome problems and reliable approaches
1 State University of Medan, Civil Engineering Department, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia
2 State University of Medan, Civil Engineering Department, Medan, North Sumatera, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The growth of population is a feature behind the urbanization. The city’s facilities are an attraction for migrants to work and live. It has led to the emergence of urban problems in terms of providing employment, legal settlements, and livable formal housing. The inability of the low-income community economically will lead it to live in area on riverside, railroads, and Chinese cemetery. Then, it will be turned into a slum area. Kampong Aur is part of a slum area of Medan, also have the same problem. Therefore, it is the importance of research. The data collected by an observations, previous studies, journals, planning documents, and aerial photographs. The data obtained were analyzed and elaborated using qualitative descriptive method. The results show that Kampong Aur can be observed from the land tenure, physical environment, livelihood, public facilities, and socio-cultural conditions. It is a unique type of settlement with consists of formal and informal housing built side-by-side. Informal settlements are usually located along the river borderline. And it is categorized into slum settlements. Originally, slums need to be managed integratedly and well organized, improvement or relocation, with a humane and sustainable approach through the participation of all parties. In this way, participatory and cooperative designs are the reliable approaches that can be applied to the settlement conditions in Kampong Aur.
Key words: riverside / environment / sustainable / settlement
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
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