MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 120, 2017International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems (ASCMCES-17)
|Number of page(s)||21|
|Section||Geographic Information Systems & Remote Sensing|
|Published online||09 August 2017|
Satellite based seasonal land use classification and change detection analysis of landsat-8 operational land imager
National University of Sciences and Technology H-12, 44000, Islamabad, Pakistan
This study investigated the Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) to determine its suitability for change detection analysis and mapping applications due to its enhanced signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), spectral band configuration, technical superiority, improved system design and high radiometric resolution. Earlier Landsat series had a lower SNR, comparatively smaller radiometric resolution and limitations in spectral band configurations. Pre-classification methods e.g., image differencing; image rationing, vegetation indices and principal components used for change detection analysis do not indicate type of the change due to its limitations. Therefore, better technique of post classification change detection was used on OLI data in the study area which provided information of the type of the change i.e., from-to change detection. This paper evaluated the OLI support vector machines (SVM) classification suitability using data covering four different seasons (i.e., spring, autumn, winter, and summer) after pre-processing and atmospheric correction. After classification, the major change detection results of OLI SVM-classified data for the four seasons were compared to change detection results of six cases: (1) winter to spring; (2) winter to summer; (3) winter to autumn; (4) spring to summer; (5) spring to autumn; and (6) summer to autumn. Seasonal change in the shoreline resulted with the corresponding change in categories. The OLI data classifications were made by applying SVM classifier and due to its improved features, OLI data is found suitable for seasonal land cover classification and post classification change detection analysis.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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