MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 120, 2017International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems (ASCMCES-17)
|Number of page(s)||16|
|Section||Water and Environment|
|Published online||09 August 2017|
Flood inundation mapping for the Gwadar city
1 Public Works Department, AJ&K Muzaffarabad, Pakistan
2 Department of Civil Engineering, UET, Lahore, Pakistan
3 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, UAE
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Floods wreak havoc with human society, infrastructure and the environment. Accuracy and reliability of the forecasts concerning the resultant inundation depths and extents of these floods are primarily dependent upon the employed hydrologic modeling approach. In the present study, a more precise distributed hydrological modeling approach has been exploited with grid-based spatial discretization for the simulation of flood inundation in Akara river watershed which contains a proposed metropolitan-level developed coastal city of Gwadar in the ‘Balochistan’ province of Pakistan. Institute of Industrial Sciences Distributed Hydrological Model, a physically based distributed hydrological model, has been employed. This model, through fully implicit finite difference schemes, utilizes diffusive wave approximations of 1D and 2D Saint Venant’s governing equations for the river and over-land flow components, respectively. While the model is calibrated against the cyclonic flood event of June 2007, to earmark the potential hazardous areas inside as well as outside the Master Plan boundary the flood inundation simulation for the worst precipitation events of 50 and 100 years return periods are performed. The simulated flood inundation depths at various known locations showed good agreement with the observed ones. Moreover, the simulations depict that the simulated flood inundation depths at the same locations increase by 1.07 to 1.87 times and 1.21 to 1.89 times respectively due to 50 and 100 years return period rainfalls.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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