MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 120, 2017International Conference on Advances in Sustainable Construction Materials & Civil Engineering Systems (ASCMCES-17)
|Number of page(s)||13|
|Section||Sustainable Structural Systems|
|Published online||09 August 2017|
Suggesting alternatives for reinforced concrete deep beams by reinforcing struts and ties
1 Department of Civil Engineering, Diyala University, Iraq.
2 Department of Civil Engineering, Diyala University, Iraq.
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This paper studied reinforcing struts and ties in deep beams based on the Strut-and-Tie Model (STM) of ACI 318M-14. The study contained testing 9 simply supported specimens, divided into 3 groups. The difference between the groups was the loading type which was 2-concentrated forces, 1-concentrated force and uniformly distributed load. Each group contained three specimens; the first specimens in each group were conventional deep beams as references which had a length of 1400 mm, a height of 400 mm and a width of 150 mm. The second specimens were the same as references in dimensions, but with removing shoulders. In addition, only the paths of struts & ties of STM were reinforced in the second specimens as compression and tension members, respectively. The third specimens were the frames that took their dimensions from STM of ACI 318M-14. From the experimental work, it is found that the proposed frames were good alternatives for the references despite the small loss in ultimate capacity. However, these proposed frames already carried loads greater than the factored design loads of STM. In comparison with the references, these proposed frames provided 41-51% reduction in weight, 4-27% reduction in cost besides providing front side area about 46-55%.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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