MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 106, 2017International Science Conference SPbWOSCE-2016 “SMART City”
|Number of page(s)||11|
|Section||1 Architectura and Urban Planning|
|Published online||23 May 2017|
Efficiency evaluation criteria of communication paths structure in a complex of buildings of maternity and child-care institutions
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Yaroslavskoe shosse, 26, Moscow, 129337, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The communication paths form the network of areas that connect the public spaces of the building among themselves and with external (in relation to the building) sources and accumulators of crowd flows. The spaces can have different purposes of use. The function of the communication paths is always the same – ensuring the safe movement of crowd flows. That’s why communication paths are one of the security systems of buildings, constructions and associated areas under various application conditions. The areas of communication path can be different types: horizontal, stairs down, stairs up, ramps, openings. Its effective size is determined in accordance with values of crowd flow movements. They can vary depending on numerous factors, but represent the result of invariant patterns of connection between parameters of flows which have different composition. The article considers the calculated values which determine the criteria of optimality of the size of communication paths of buildings using the buildings of maternity and child-care institutions in their multifunctional use as an example.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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