MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 101, 2017Sriwijaya International Conference on Engineering, Science and Technology (SICEST 2016)
|Number of page(s)||6|
|Section||Advances in Materials Science & Technology|
|Published online||09 March 2017|
Hardness improvement on low carbon steel using pack carbonitriding method with holding time variation
1 Mechanical Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Malang, 65145 Semarang, Malang, Indonesia
2 Civil Engineering Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Malang, 65145 Semarang, Malang, Indonesia
3 Centre of Nano Research and Advanced Material, Universitas Negeri Malang, 65145 Semarang, Malang, Indonesia
* Corresponding author: email@example.com
Carbonitriding is a surface hardening process of steel by heating on critical temperature, quench and followed by tempering process. In this research, pack media in carbonitriding was used as a new method. Usually, this process has been obtained using gas and liquid carbonitriding methods. The specimen used in this research is low carbon steel (St. 41) consist of 0.1517% carbon, 0.1994% of silicon, 0.5631% of manganese, 0.0224% of phosphorus, and 0.047% of sulfur. Temperature for pack carbonitriding was at 700 °C, 750 °C and 800 °C and holding time variation 60 minutes and 120 minutes respectively. The result showed that carbonitriding temperature difference affect the mechanical properties of steel St. 41. Steel hardness was increased at lower holding time (60 minutes) compared to 120 minutes. The result showed that at 700 °C and 750 °C with 60 minutes variation, the steel hardness increase from 85.7 HRB to 95.7 HRB and at 800 °C the hardness decrease to 93.1 HRB. Meanwhile, at holding time of 120 minutes, steel hardness decrease from 94.1 HRB to 92.7 HRB. This result caused by austenite phase produced at longer period of holding time.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
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