MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 87, 2017The 9th International Unimas Stem Engineering Conference (ENCON 2016) “Innovative Solutions for Engineering and Technology Challenges”
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Published online||04 August 2017|
Aerated steel slag filter system performance study for pollutants removal from domestic wastewater
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering Technology, UTHM
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Nitrogen removal from wastewater often requires a highly cost of chemical treatment to prevent over loading of nutrient in effluent discharge to the surface water body. However, to remove nitrogen it requires a complex process. Therefore, the aim of this study is to develop an aerated rock filter (ARF) system design under Malaysia condition. A pilot-scale VFARF with 2.0 m height and 0.3 m diameter and a HFARF with 1.0 m long and 0.3 m wide and 0.5 m height has been developed at Taman Bukit Perdana Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) Batu Pahat, Johor to monitor the performance of the ARFs for nitrogen removal from domestic wastewater. The optimum value of HLR and aeration rate was 2.72 m3/m3.day and 10 L/min, respectively. For monitoring the effectiveness of the VFARF and HFARF, influent and effluent twice a week grab samples have been collected and analysed for TKN, Ammonia Nitrogen, BOD5, COD, TSS, Alkalinity, E-coli, pH, Dissolved Oxygen and Temperature. From the study, it was found that the VFARF system has outperformed as the removal efficiency of TKN, AN, TSS, and E-coli was 89%±7%, 97%±2%, 86%±17%, and 97%±2%. The removal efficiency was slightly lower in the HFARF as their removal was 78%±11%, 71%± 12%, 88%±15%, and 91%±16% for TKN, AN, TSS, and E-coli. However, their performance insignificant in removing organic matter, BOD5, COD as the removal efficiencies in the VFARF and HFARF were 84%±13%, 65%±23% and 85%±12%, 75%±21%, respectively. Alkalinity, pH and DO profiles for VFARF and HFARF systems effluent values were average at 107.08±28.35 mg/L, 7.14±0.27, 5.20±0.84 mg/L, 147.24±16.20 mg/L, 6.99±0.15 and 3.75±0.37 mg/L, respectively. Temperature value for this VFARF and HFARF system was 31.1±1.1ºC. From monitoring study between VFARF and HFARF, it found that VFARF system was outperformed than the HFARF in removing nitrogen from domestic wastewater.
Key words: Domestic Wastewater / Horizontal flow aerated rock filter / Hydraulic loading rate / Vertical flow aerated rock filter.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2017
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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