MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 86, 20165th International Scientific Conference “Integration, Partnership and Innovation in Construction Science and Education”
|Number of page(s)||7|
|Section||4 Building materials and Technologies|
|Published online||28 November 2016|
Influence of spreading structure in an aqueous solution-hydrocarbon system on extinguishing of the flame of oil products
1 Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, 129337, Moscow, Yaroslavskoye sh., 26, Russia
2 Transneft Research Institute for Oil and Oil Products Transportation (Transneft R&D, LLC), 117186, Moscow, Sevastopolskiy prospect, 47A, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
On the basis of experimental studies it was revealed that adding of electrolyte - ammonium chloride - into solution of film-forming foaming agent leads to decrease of interfacial tension on a border with heptane, and increase of surface tension on a border with air. It is experimentally shown that dependence between specific consumption and flow rate of foaming agent passes through the minimum point that allowed defining influence of electrolyte on a value of minimum specific consumption and optimum flow rate of foam during extinguishing of a hydrocarbon flame. The structure of spreading in a foaming agent solution – hydrocarbon system defines the value of fire extin-guishing efficiency of foam decreasing together with lowering of spreading coefficient and interfacial tension.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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