MATEC Web Conf.
Volume 86, 20165th International Scientific Conference “Integration, Partnership and Innovation in Construction Science and Education”
|Number of page(s)||8|
|Section||1 Structural mechanics|
|Published online||28 November 2016|
Normative approaches to structural design calculations in a non-linear framework
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering, Research laboratory “Safety and Seismic Resistance of Structures”, 129337 Moscow, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
This article considers the issue of taking non-linearity into account when performing design calculations for buildings and structures exposed to intense seismic impact. The existing rule codex 14.13330.2014 «SNIP II-7-81* “Construction in seismic areas” regulates the possible behavior beyond the elastic range with by introducing a damage tolerance factor. However, extensive research conducted by the authors of this article and other experts in the seismic resistance theory reveal that the values of this factor for buildings of various structural layouts must be corrected. The paper investigates the behavior of multi-element systems exposed to seismic impact, the structural layouts of them being as follows: wall-supported slab systems, reinforced concrete rigid frame buildings and buildings with a metal space frame. Calculations were made which describe the behavior of the buildings exposed to an intense earthquake modeled in the form of accelerograms standardized as 8 points on the MSK 64 scale. The calculations were performed using the LS-DYNA software package which makes use of the direct dynamic method and provides means for making all the calculations in the time domain and for taking the physical, geometric and structural non-linearity into account. The results obtained indicate that wall-supported slab buildings and rigid frame RC buildings collapse due to emerging and developing plastic deformations, while metal frame buildings lose their stability before their bearing capability is exhausted. The research carried out by the authors enabled them to pinpoint the reason for the discrepancy between the obtained values of the damage tolerance factor and the values stipulated by the regulation, as well as to draw a conclusion that these values should be refined.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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