Adaptive active vibration isolation – A control perspective
1 Control system department of GIPSA-lab, 38402 St. Martin d'Hères, France
2 University of Bordeaux, IMS laboratory - UMR 5218 CNRS, 33405 Talence, France
3 University of Lorraine, IUT Longwy, 54400 Cosnes et Romain, France
a e-mail: email@example.com
b e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
c e-mail: email@example.com
d e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
In many classes of applications like active vibration control and active noise control, the disturbances can be characterized by their frequencies content and their location in a specific region in the frequency domain. The disturbances can be of narrow band type (simple or multiple) or of broad band type. A model can be associated to these disturbances. The knowledge of the disturbance model as well as of the compensator system is necessary for the design of an appropriate control system in order to attenuate (or to reject) their effect upon the system to be controlled. The attenuation of disturbances by feedback is limited by the Bode Integral and the “water bed” effect upon the output sensitivity function. In such situations, the feedback approach has to be complemented by a “feedforward disturbance compensation” requiring an additional transducer for getting information upon the disturbance. Unfortunately in most of the situations the disturbances are unknown and time-varying and therefore an adaptive approach should be considered. The generic term for adaptive attenuation of unknown and time-varying disturbances is “adaptive regulation” (known plant model, unknown and time-varying disturbance model).
The paper will review a number of recent developments for adaptive feedback compensation of multiple unknown and time-varying narrow band disturbances and for adaptive feedforward compensation of broad band disturbances in the presence of the inherent internal positive feedback caused by the coupling between the compensator system and the measurement of the image of the disturbance. Some experimental results obtained on a relevant active vibration control system will illustrate the performance of the various algorithms presented.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2015
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 2.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.