Open Access
MATEC Web of Conferences
Volume 6, 2013
Concrete Spalling due to Fire Exposure: Proceedings of the 3rd International Workshop
Article Number 05002
Number of page(s) 8
Section Advanced Modeling for Spalling Risk Assessment
Published online 17 September 2013
  1. G. A. Khoury and Y. Anderberg, Fire Safety Design - concrete spalling review - report submitted to the Swedish National Road Administration, Sweden, 2000.
  2. J. Horvath, U. Schneider and U. Diederichs, Beiträge zum Abplatzverhalten von Hochleistungsbetonen (in German) - Schriftenreihe Institut für Baustoffehre, Bauphysik und Brandschutz, Heft 11, TU Wien, Vienna, Austria: TU Vienna, Institute for Building Materials, Buildings Physics and Fire Protection, 2004.
  3. C. Alonso and L. Fernandez, “Dehydration and rehydration processes of cement paste exposed to high temperature environments,” Journal of materials science, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 3015–3024, 2004. [CrossRef]
  4. RILEM Technical Committee HTC, Behaviour of concrete at high temperatures - State of art report - part 1 - ordinary concrete, Bagneux, France: RILEM publications S.A.R.L., 2004.
  5. J. C. Mindeguia,Contribution expérimentale a la compréhension des risques d'instabilité thermique des bétons (in French) - PhD thesis l'université de Pau et Pays de L'adour, Pau, France, 2009.
  6. M. Zeiml, R. Lackner, D. Leithner and J. Eberhardsteiner, “Identification of residual gas-transport properties of concrete subjected to high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 699–716, 2008. [CrossRef]
  7. fib working party 4.3-1, Fire design of concrete structures: materials, structures and modelling - state of art report, Lausanne, Switzerland: International Federation for Structural Concrete (fib), 2007.
  8. K. Kordina, Das Verhalten von Stahlbeton- und Spannbetonbauteilen unter Feuerangriff (in German) - Heft 2, Braunschweig, Germany: Institut für Baustoffkunde und Stalbetonbau der Technischen Hochschule Braunschweig, 1963.
  9. P. Kalifa, F. D. Mennetau and D. Quenard, “Spalling and pore pressure in HPC at high temperatures,” Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 30, no. 12, pp. 1915–1927, 2000. [CrossRef]
  10. G. H. A. Van der Heijden, NMR imaging of moisture inside heated porous building materials - PhD thesis TU Eindhoven, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 2011.
  11. Z. P. Bažant, “B. 10 - Analysis of pore pressure, thermal stress and fracture in rapidly heated concrete,” in NIST special publication 919 - Proceedings International Workshop on Fire Perfromance of High-Strength Concrete, Gaithersburg, United States of America, 1997.
  12. K. van Breugel, C. R. Braam, C. van der Veen and J. C. Walraven, Betonconstructies onder temperatuur- en krimpvervormingen (BP2), Boxtel, The Netherlands: Aeneas, 1998.
  13. B. B. G. Lottman, Fire in bored tunnels - structural behaviour, during fire conditions, of bored tunnels made with a concrete segmental lining - MsC thesis TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands, 2007.
  14. B. B. G. Lottman, E. A. B. Koenders and J. C. Walraven, “Towards a model for fire resistant design of concrete elements,” in Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Concrete Spalling due to Fire Exposure, Leipzig, Germany, 2009.
  15. B. B. G. Lottman, E. A. B. Koenders and J. C. Walraven, “Macro-scale spalling model: a fracture mechanics versus pore pressure approach,” in Proceedings of the 2nd International RILEM Workshop on Concrete Spalling due to Fire Exposure, Delft, The Netherlands, 2011.
  16. M. Hassanizadeh and W. G. Gray, “General conservation equations for multi-phase systems 1: averaging procedure,” Advances in Water Resources, vol. 2, pp. 131–144, 1979. [CrossRef]
  17. M. Hassanizadeh and W. G. Gray, “General conservation equations for multi-phase systems 2: mass, momenta, energy and entropy equations,” Advances in Water Resources, vol. 2, pp. 191–203, 1979. [CrossRef]
  18. J. M. Moran and H. N. Shapiro, Fundamentals of Engineering Thermodynamics - 5th Edition, Hoboken, United States of America: John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2004.
  19. D. Gawin, F. Pesavento and B. A. Schrefler, “Modelling of hygro-thermal behaviour of concrete at high temperature with thermo-chemical and mechanical material degradation,” Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, vol. 192, no. 13–14, pp. 1731–1771, 2003. [CrossRef]
  20. C. T. Davie, C. J. Pearce and N. Bićanić, “Coupled heat and moisture transport in concrete at elevated temperatures - effects of capillary pressure and adsorbed water,” Numerical Heat Transfer, Part A: Applications, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 763–773, 2006. [CrossRef]
  21. S. J. F. Erich, A. B. M. van Overbeek, G. H. A. van der Heijden, L. Pel, H. P. Huinink, W. H. A. Peelen and A. H. J. M. Vervuurt, “Validation of FEM models describing moisture transport in heated concrete by Magnetic Resonance Imaging,” Heron, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 225–246, 2008.
  22. J. van Kan, A. Segal and F. Vermolen, Numerical methods in scientific computing, Delft, The Netherlands: VSSD, 2008.
  23. E. Schlangen, Experimental and numerical analysis of fracture processes in concrete - PhD thesis TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands, 1993.
  24. A. H. J. M. Vervuurt, Interface fracture in concrete - PhD thesis TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands, 1997.
  25. G. N. Wells, Lecture notes course CT5123 - the finite element method: an introduction, Delft, The Netherlands: Faculty of Civil Engineering and Geosciences - Delft University of Technology, 2006.
  26. D. L. Logan, A first course in the finite element method, Stamford, United States of America: Cengage Learning, 2012.
  27. N. Noda, R. B. Hetnarski and Y. Tanigawa, Thermal stresses, New York, United States of America: Taylor & Francis, 2003.
  28. J. H. H. Fellinger, Shear and anchorage behaviour of fire exposed hollow core slabs - PhD thesis TU Delft, Delft, The Netherlands: Delft University Press, 2004.
  29. F. Hartmann and C. Katz, Structural analysis with finite elements, Berlin Heidelberg, Germany: Springer-Verlag, 2007. [CrossRef]
  30. V. Yadama and K. England, Lecture Notes course CE 537: natural fiber thermoplastic composites - rule of mixtures, Pullman, United States of America: Washington State University - Departement of Civil & Environmental Engineering, 2007.