A Sensor-based System for Monitoring Hard-shoulder Incursions: Review of Technologies and Selection Criteria
1 School of Civil and Building Engineering, Loughborough University, Loughborough, Leicestershire LE11 3TU, UK
2 Connect Roads, Balfour Beatty, Spen Common Lane, Tadcaster LS24 9NS, UK
According to safety observations from motorway operators in the United Kingdom, the hard-shoulder is occasionally violated by road users travelling in the nearside lane. These unintentional movements (hard-shoulder incursions) can impose risk to operatives performing activities on the network. To further investigate these events, a sensor-based system can be used for monitoring them and collecting related data such as severity of incursion and vehicle classification. A review of vehicle detection technologies that could be applied for this purpose is presented, along with the criteria for selection of the most suitable technology and implementation sites. Two potential non-intrusive systems are also described, a laser- and a radar-based systems, which provide different levels of flexibility and data.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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