The effect of ZnO addition on the phase transformation, microstructure, and ionic conductivity of 8YSZ ceramics
School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
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In this paper the effect of zinc oxide (ZnO) addition on the phase transformation and ionic conductivity of 8 mol % Yttria-stabilised Zirconia (8YSZ) is investigated. Pure 8YSZ and ZnO doped YSZ ceramics are prepared using the solid state reaction method sintered at 1550°C for 2 hours. The X-ray Diffraction (XRD) results reveal the presence of tetragonal, cubic and monoclinic phase of Zirconium dioxide (ZrO2) for all undoped and doped YSZ sintered samples. The phase stability of tetragonal YSZ was found to be increased with the increase in ZnO addition. Minor fraction of monoclinic phase was found in pure YSZ sintered sample and the amount of monoclinic phase decreased with the increasing amount of Zn after sintering at 1550°C for 2 hours. The fraction of cubic phase was also found to decrease with the increase in Zn concentration. The highest ionic conductivity of 1.03×10−3 S cm−1 was obtained at room temperature for samples with 3 mol% ZnO. Pure 8YSZ sintered sample on the other hand, yielded 9.88x10−4 S cm−1.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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