Microstructure, Crystal structure and ionic conductivity of 3 mol % (Fe, Mn, Co, Zn) doped 8YSZ
1 School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Sains Malaysia
2 School of Materials Engineering, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 02600 Kangar, Perlis, Malaysia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Effect of 3 mol% of transition elements doped 8YSZ such as YSZZn, YSZFe, YSZCo and YSZMn on the ionic conductivity. SOFCs mostly operate at higher temperature. By substitute with dopants, it can reduce the operating temperature and costs. In this experiment, 3 mol% dopants mixed with 8YSZ and sintered at 1550 °C, hold for two hours. Crystal structure, microstructure, sintering behaviour and ionic conductivity at 300 oC were investigated. XRD demonstrates three phases (cubic, monoclinic and tetragonal) were obtained. It was confirmed that small additions of TMOs (Mn, Fe, Co and Zn) promotes densification, grain growth and ionic conductivity compared to pure 8YSZ. YSZZn obtained the highest ionic conductivity, 3.55 × 10−3 mS cm−1 at 300 °C.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.