Fault level prediction for distribution network using fuzzy logic identifier
1 Key Laboratory of Power System Intelligent Dispatch and Control of the Ministry of Education, Jinan 250061, China
2 Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
With the increasing penetration of the renewable power energy sources, the potential fault current of the distribution power systems changes more frequently as the connection structure of the distribution power system varies from time to time. Traditionally, the fault level can be estimated through short circuit analysis which is time consuming and sometimes difficult as it needs to know the parameters of the transmission line and transformers as well as the structure of the power system. In this paper, an online-used fault level prediction method is proposed via monitoring the phasor value of the local positive-sequence voltage and current. The ratio of the voltage change and current change are used to distinguish the natural deviation of the load from the switching operations or disturbances on the grid side. Several continuous changes of the voltage and current caused by load fluctuations are recorded and used to parameterize the equivalent circuit of the power system and to estimate the fault current level. A fuzzy logic identifier is used for adaptively selecting and recording the satisfactory changes by defining an index of confidence level. The implementation of the proposed scheme is demonstrated in a relay after introducing a low-voltage blocking function. A typical distribution power system with renewable generators is established in PSCAD/EMTDC and is used to verify the effectiveness and accuracy of the proposed method under various load changing conditions.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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