Environmental Safety for Chernozem Soil Fertilized with Phosphogypsum and Ash for Spring Wheat Cultivation in North Kazakhstan
1 Kazakh National Agrarian University, 050010 Abay Avenue 8, Almaty, The Republic of Kazakhstan
2 Academy “Kokshe”, 020000 Kaptsevich street 247, Kokshetau, The Republic of Kazakhstan
3 Kokshetau Abay Myrzakhmetov University, 020000 Auezov street, Kokshetau, The Republic of Kazakhstan
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
Currently, year by year the industrial waste stockpiles increase, but at the same time its recycling is not more than 10–15% of the production. There are several methods of recycling of such waste as phosphogypsum and ash, among which one of the perspective directions is considered using them in agriculture as fertilizer and ameliorator. The limiting factor of their widespread use in agriculture is the presence of heavy metals and radionuclides in them. This article presents data about environmental safety of using phosphogypsum and ash for cultivation spring wheat on the chernozem soils of Northern Kazakhstan. According to the results of research, using phosphogypsum and ash doesn’t give negative impact on the environment, the presence of heavy metals and radionuclides in the soil and grain do not exceed the maximum allowable concentrations.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.