Specifics of Building Envelope Air Leakage Problems and Airtightness Measurements
1 Riga Technical University, LV – 1658, Kalku str. 1, Riga, Latvia
2 ITMO University, 197101, Kronverksky Ave. 49, St.Petersburg, Russia
* Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
In addition to transmission heat loses the infiltration of outdoor air can cause significant heat losses. The external building envelope should be airtight in order to prevent uncontrolled cold air infiltration. The article analysis modern building materials and structures influence on airtightness. The practical measurements of renovated buildings’ airtightness are presented and compared to non-renovated buildings. In addition paper presents data on airtightness measurements of whole multi apartment building and single apartment in analyzed building taking inco accout properties of building materials. The airtightness of single apartment was evaluated with support pressure in neighbor apartments. The results show that the airtightness measurements of multi apartment building can be evaluated by measuring single apartment on last floor with support pressure in neighbor apartments. The practical measurement of renovated buildings had shown the air leakage rate q50 of typical Latvian construction after renovation is between 2.5 and 2.9 m3/(m2·h). Since the building envelope has to minimize the heat loses (transmission and infiltration) and ventilation system either mechanical or natural has to provide necessary air exchange, the building envelope airtightness shouldn’t be dependent on type of ventilation systems.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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