Development of Registration methodology to 3-D Point Clouds in Robot Scanning
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taipei 10617, Taiwan
2 School of Mechanical Engineering, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Hanoi, Vietnam
3 Graduate Institute of Automation Technology, National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei 10608, Taiwan
a Corresponding author: email@example.com
The problem of multi-view 3-D point clouds registration is investigated and effectively resolved by the developed methodology. A registration method is proposed to register two series of scans into an object model by using the proposed oriented-bounding-box (OBB) regional area-based descriptor. Robot 3-D scanning is often employed to generate set of point clouds of physical objects. The automated operation has to successively digitize view-dependent area-scanned point clouds from complex shaped objects by multi-view point clouds registration. To achieve this, the OBB regional area-based descriptor is employed to determine an initial transformation matrix and is then refined employing iterative closest point (ICP) algorithm. The developed method can be used to resolve the commonly encountered difficulty in accurately merging two neighbouring area-scanned images when no coordinate reference exists. The developed method has been verified through some experimental tests for its registration accuracy. Experimental results have preliminarily demonstrated the feasibility of the developed method.
Key words: Robot / 3-D scanning / image registration / point clouds / reverse engineering / surface digitization
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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