A review of community-based solar home system projects in the Philippines
1 Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Electronics, Computer, and Communications Engineering, Quezon City 1108 Philippines
2 Solarsolutions, Inc., Quezon City 1108 Philippines
3 Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Economics, Quezon City 1108 Philippines
4 Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, Quezon City 1108 Philippines
5 Ateneo de Manila University, Department of Environmental Sciences, Quezon City 1108 Philippines
Solar Home Systems (SHS) are easy to deploy in island and in remote communities where grid connection is costly. However, issues related to maintenance of these systems emerge after they are deployed because of the remoteness and inaccessibility of the communities. This study looked into community-based programs in the Philippines and investigated the following: (1) social preparation, (2) role of the community in the project, and (3) sustainability of the program. In this paper, three communities under two government programs offering SHS are presented. These programs are the Solar Power Technology Support (SPOTS) program of the Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR) and the Household Electrification Program (HEP) of the Department of Energy (DOE). A focused group discussion and key informant interviews were conducted in two communities in Bukidnon province and in a community in Kalinga to obtain information from the project beneficiaries and SHS users on the preparation, implementation and maintenance of the projects. The results revealed that emphasis on the economic value of the technology, proper training of the locals on the technical and management aspects of the project, as well as the establishment of a supply chain for replacement parts are crucial factors for the sustainability of the programs.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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