In-Situ Catalytic Surface Modification of Micro-Structured La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) Oxygen Permeable Membrane Using Vacuum-Assisted technique
1 Department of Oil and Gas Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 4050 Shah Alam, Malaysia
2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Imperial College London, London SW7 2AZ, UK
This paper aims at investigating the means to carry out in-situ surface modification of La0.6Sr0.4Co0.2Fe0.8O3-δ (LSCF) oxygen permeable membrane by using vacuum assisted technique. The unique structure of the LSCF hollow fibre membrane used in this study, which consists of an outer dense oxygen separation layer and conical-shaped microchannels open at the inner surface has allowed the membrane to be used as oxygen separation membrane and as a structured substrate for where catalyst can be deposited. A catalyst solution of similar material, LSCF was prepared using sol-gel technique. Effects of calcination temperature and heating rate were investigated using XRD and TGA to ensure pure perovskites structure of LSCF was obtained. It was found that a lower calcination temperature can be used to obtain pure perovskite phase if slower heating rate is used. The SEM photograph shows that the distribution of catalyst onto the membrane microchannels using in-situ deposition technique was strongly related to the viscosity of LSCF catalytic sol. Interestingly, it was found that the amount of catalyst deposited using viscous solution was slightly higher than the less viscous sol. This might be due to the difficulty of catalyst sol to infiltrate the membrane and as a result, thicker catalyst layer was observed at the lumen rather than onto the conical-shaped microchannels. Therefore, the viscosity of catalyst solution and calcination process should be precisely controlled to ensure homogeneous catalyst layer deposition. Analysis of the elemental composition will be studied in the future using energy dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX) to determine the elements deposited onto the membranes. Once the elemental analysis is confirmed, oxygen permeation analysis will be carried out.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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