Preparation and Characterization of Titania-silica Composite Particles by Pechini Sol-gel Method
School of Materials Science & Engineering, Shaanxi University of Science & Technology, Xi’an, 710021 China
Two Pechini sol-gel processes were used to prepare titania-silica composite particles. The dynamic oxidation behavior of the TiO2-SiO2 powders has been characterized by thermogravimetry-differential scanning calorimetry (TG-DTG-DSC). The crystal phase and microstructure of the composite particles were investigated by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). The effects of Si:Ti molar ratio and sol-gel process on the TiO2-SiO2 powders were studied. The preparation of the polymeric precursors can influence the morphology of obtained TiO2-SiO2 composite particles. The spherical TiO2-SiO2 composite particles which are 20 nm~400 nm in diameter appear in gel-1 system. However, the TiO2-SiO2 powders obtained by gel-2 system are irregular in shape and 2~15 μm in diameter which show a loose porous structure consisted of very fine granules.
© The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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