The environmental impact of mining and its countermeasures
China University Of Mining and Technology. Bei Jing. China. 100083
Exploration of mineral resources had been part of the major means to promote economic development in China, but the devastating effect of mining on the environment is inevitable. Based on the analysis of factors of the environmental disasters caused by the mining methods, this paper systematically analyzes the influences of open pit mining on land resource, ecological system, geological and ecological environment, especially analyzes the effects on the environment and ecological system. Meanwhile, the paper points out that the mining scale, method and type are the main factors that affect the environment and ecology. At the end of this paper, some rational countermeasures, protection and control measures for environmental protection and governance are put forward on the basis of the research.
Key words: open-pit mining / environmental affect / inuence factors / countermeaflsures
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.