Performance Comparison and Selection of Transformer Fluid
1 Locomotive & Car Research Institute, China Academy of Railway Sciences, Beijing, China
2 Beijing Zongheng Electro-Mechanical Technology Development Co, Beijing, China
Transformer fluid directly affects the working state of the components and the cooling efficiency of transformer. There are three kinds of transformer fluid used for electric locomotive, EMU and suburban rail vehicles: mineral oil, silicone liquid and synthetic ester based insulating oil. In this paper, the three kinds of oil are compared from the fire safety, environmental protection, reliability and low maintenance. It provides a strong basis for the selection of transformer fluid. By comprehensive analysis, synthetic ester based insulating oil can completely replace mineral oil and silicone liquid. With rail transport safety and environmental protection standards improving, synthetic ester based insulating oil will be the best choice for transformer.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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