Long – term performance evaluation of a fixed and solar follow – up systems with modified astronomical positioning in Polish conditions
1 Institute of Electrical Engineering and Electronics, Poznan University of Technology, Poznań, Poland
2 Industrial Institute of Agricultural Engineering, ul. Starolecka 31 60-963 Poznan, Poland
3 Institute of Biosystems Engineering, Poznan University of Life Sciences, Poznań, Poland
The paper presents a physical construction of a measurement stand consisting of a photovoltaic module operating in a fixed optimal configuration and in a solar tracking with a modified astronomical positioning. In order to reduce the electric energy consumption by two direct current linear motors system is positioned three times a day during winter months. Prepared energy balance, using annual measurements, confirmed the legitimacy of using two - axis Sun tracking units for central Poland. Basing on the daily and monthly electricity production and solar irradiance for both photovoltaic units a mathematical formula with proposed correction factors is presented to calculate with good accuracy monthly electric energy generation for a fixed photovoltaic installation. The results of calculations were compared with measurements showing good correlation.
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