Numerical of Bioethanol Production from Liquid Waste of Rise Flour by Distillation Process
University of Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Jawa Timur, East Java, Indonesia
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The availability of liquid waste of rise flour can be maintained in continuously and abundant, and is one of waste water that is underutilized, but liquid waste of rise flour has a starch content which can be used as one of the producers of ethanol. This study has the objective to produce bioethanol and a prototype bio-ethanol industry, and perform simulations before conducting experiments, as well as a reference in developing the bio-ethanol industry in Indonesia.
Based on preliminary analysis obtained starch content of the rice is about 79% b/b, while the starch content of the liquid waste of rise flour is quite high about 30% v/v. The process of preliminary research that has been done is the hydrolysis with Bacillus then followed by bacterial fermentation of glucose by Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The quality of ethanol produced is influenced by the levels of starch, glucose, acidity (pH), the volume ratio of waste with Bacillus volume, the number of bacteria Saccharomyces cerevisiae, fermentation time that has been done in the preliminary study. The filtrate resulting from the hydrolysis and fermentation processes of contains ethanol about 16% v/v carried out a batch distillation process to obtain bioethanol, variables in a batch distillation process is ethanol composition and temperature. Before experimental batch distillation process simulation ternary system Ethanol-Water-Impurities (EWI) with a model of Differential-Algebraic-Equations (DAEs), using the programming language Mathlab version 7 in advance, so that in the determination of the variables can be more effective and more research costs cheap.
The results obtained experimentally study the composition of bioethanol a maximum of 95% to 96%, the results of experiments and simulations EWI ternary system form the temperature profile, the profile of the composition of liquid and vapor composition profile dimensionless time functions both at the bottom and in the distillate shows the results of the same approach. The simulation results before used reference in experiments performed the validation beforehand, so that the ternary system simulation EWI after validation of reference can be used in experiments.
Key words: batch distillation / bioethanol / DAEs / liquid waste of rise flour
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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