Optimum design of brake friction material using hybrid entropy-GRA approach
1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Manav Bharti University, Solan - 173229, India
2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, CEC Landran - 140307, India
3 Department of Mechanical Engineering, M.N.I.T. Jaipur - 302017, India
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
The effect of Kevlar and natural fibres on the performance of brake friction materials was evaluated. Four friction material specimens were developed by varying the proportion of Kevlar and natural fibres. Two developed composite contained 5-10 wt.% of Kevlar fibre while in the other two the Kevlar fibre was replaced with same amount of natural fibre. SAE J661 protocol was used for the assessment of the tribological properties on a Chase testing machine. Result shows that the specimens containing Kevlar fibres shows higher friction and wear performance, whereas Kevlar replacement with natural fibre resulted in improved fade, recovery and friction fluctuations. Further hybrid entropy-GRA (grey relation analysis) approach was applied to select the optimal friction materials using various performance defining attributes (PDA) including friction, wear, fade, recovery, friction fluctuations and cost. The friction materials with 10 wt% of natural fibre exhibited the best overall quality.
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