Combined Resource Allocation System for Device-to-Device Communication towards LTE Networks
1 College of information and Communication Engineering, Harbin Engineering University, Harbin, PR, China
2 School of Computer and Communication Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing, PR, China
The LTE networks are being developed to grant mobile broadband services in the fourth generation (4G) systems and allow operators to use spectrum more efficiently.D2D communication is a promising technique to provide wireless services and enhance spectrum exploitation in the LTE Heterogeneous Networks (HetNets).D2D communication in HetNets allows users to communicate with each other directly by reusing the resources when communicating via the base stations. But during the downlink period, both the D2D receiver and the Heterogeneous Users equipment’s (HUE) experience interference caused by resource allocation. In this article, we identify and analyze the interference problem of HetNets caused by D2D transmitter during download. We propose a combined resource allocation and resource reuse method for LTE HetNets, where resource allocation to HUEs is employed on the basis of comparative fair algorithm and resource reuse to D2D users is employed on acquisitive empirical algorithm. This approach evaluates whether D2D mode is suitable or not by path loss evaluation, after that decreases the interference to HUE by selection of the minimum channel gain between HUE and D2D transmitter each time to mitigate interference. Our simulation results show that the efficiency and throughput of HetNets is improved by using the proposed method.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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