The Different Methods of Displacement Monitoring at Loading Tests of Bridges or Different Structures
1 University of Maribor, Faculty of civil engineering, transportation engineering and architecture, Smetanova 17, SI 2000, Maribor, Slovenia
2 National Aviation University, Kosmonavta Komarova, 1, Kyiv, 03058, Ukraine
a Corresponding author: firstname.lastname@example.org
By measuring the displacements and deformations at different structures we deal in the Faculty of Civil Engineering, transportation Engineering and Architecture in University of Maribor for about 20 years. At that time we measured over 600 structures. Most loading tests of bridges and Viaducts were made. The measurements of movements needed to be as precise and accurate as possible. To do that laboratory test of instruments were made to see which instrument gives us reliable results. Displacements can be determined by geodetic and physical methods, depends of the construction. The use of geodetic methods are still preferable. In the paper the measurements with the total station, the level and rotation level, photogrammetry and solutions on the field by physical methods with inductive transducers are presented. We need to measure displacements as quick as possible but efficiently because we can not repeat the measurements under the same conditions. Also the surveying on the bridge and in the lab with the comparison of methods is presented under the different hard terrain conditions - water beneath the construction, big height of the structure, unapproachability, large span structures.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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