Synthesis of Functionalized Polythiophene as a Potenial Organic Semi-Conductor
Chemistry Department, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia
The synthesis Poly[1,5-naphthyridine-(3-hexylthiophene)] (PN3HTh) semi-conducting polymer has been accomplished by adopting both conventional and microwave-assisted Suzuki-Miyaura cross-coupling reaction between 3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diboronic ester and 2,6-dibromo-1,5-naphthyridine. The electrochemical and transport properties of PN3HTh were investigated both in the bulk as well as in thin film form. These properties can be further tuned by changing the solvent and the nature of the electrode used. Consequently, cyclic voltammetry (CV) measurements were conducted using a potentiostat coupled with an electrochemical cell. The CV results of PN3HTh as a bulk form in H2SO4 solution indicated that the concentration of the polymer in the solution is not well defined because of polymer poor solubility in aqueous solutions. On the other hand, the sulfur group which works as electron donating makes the system more electron-rich. This can explain by the absence of the reduction peak. For the thin film, two single oxidation peaks were obtained at around 0 V and 0.3 V for both cases. Different solvents can tune the transport properties of the polymer as can be seen from the two CVs where BF3 exhibited enhanced transport properties over ACN. The synthesized polymers were characterized by modern spectroscopic methods including IR and NMR.
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