The Effect of Reactives Diluents to the Physical Properties of Acrylated Palm Oil Based Polyurethane Coatings
1 Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 02600 Arau, Perlis, Malaysia
2 Department of Polymer Technology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi Mara, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
3 School of Industrial Technology, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
a Corresponding author : email@example.com
The development of polyurethane with hydroxyl access in a molecule leads to a new alternative of low toxicity green product. Palm oil is one of the major commodities in Malaysia. The potential of palm oil to be used as coatings raw material such as alkyd is limited due to low unsaturated side on fatty acid chains. To overcome this limitation, palm oil was modified through transesterification process to produce polyol. Acrylated isocyanate (urethane oligomer) was then grafted onto polyol to produce polyurethane with vinylic ends. The polyurethane was formulated with different cross-linkers (reactive diluents) and cured under UV radiation. The effect of three different diluents; monoacrylate, diacrylate and triacrylate on the properties of cured polymer were studied in this research. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), Hydroxyl Value Titration, Gel Content, and Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) were used for characterization. Physical testing performed were Pencil Hardness and Pull-Off Adhesion test. Novel palm oil-based polyurethane coatings have been found to have good properties with mono acrylate functionality.
© Owned by the authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2016
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